The question of what a society or government owed its people was very popular among right-wing Republicans when I was a kid. I grew up hearing that nobody owed me a job, and the government didn’t owe anyone health care. I always thought that perspective entirely missed the point.
Governments are not conscientious entities. They are organized crime with a whiff of legitimacy, bought through pure public relations spin. They function above the law, by the rules of the natural world. They don’t even “owe” you what they’ve agreed in writing to give you. Governments are entirely about power and its allocation. Governments owe stuff to banks and big business and each other, not you. Can you imagine thinking you owed a fly something? Neither can governments. You are the fly.
So once you get over the idea that a government could possibly see itself as owing citizens anything, you have to look at the question a different way: is everyone having a job good for the society? Is everyone having health care good for it? The answer is an unequivocal yes, when you consider the government prefers and has taken steps to ensure that everyone will be working for a paycheck in order to meet their basic needs instead of meeting those basic needs directly through farming and so on (land is expensive, farms are all corporate owned, farmers are paid not to produce, and all politicians ever talk about is jobs). To work, people need to be healthy, so health care in that light becomes a smart investment for the government that wants everyone in jobs. Simple!
But what I always wondered was: what’s the mindset of people who are concerned about what the government owes citizens? The real worry here is not that the government is being short-changed. No one cares about that (it’s equally hard to imagine the fly thinking it owes you something). No, the real concern is that the people currently less well-off than you are will catch up, and then you won’t feel quite so special anymore.